niedziela, 21 lipca 2013

The Simple Present Tense

     Verbs have forms called tenses that tell you when the action happens. The simple present tense expresses an action in the present taking place one, never or several times. It is also used for action that takes place one after another actions that are set by a timeable or schedule. The simple present also expresses facts in the present. 

To make the present simple positive we use the personal pronoun (I, you, we, they) followed by the verb root. 
          I play tennis every Saturday. 
          We learn English every day.

To make the negative, we put do and not before the main verb. the short form of this is don't.
          I do not (don't) play football.
          We do not (don't) learn German.

To make a question, we put the helping verb Do at the beginning of the sentence. in short answers we do not repeat the main verb. 
          Do you play tennis every Sunday?     No, I don't.
          Do they learn English every day?     Yes, they do.

We use phrases such as every day, every month, every Sunday with the present simple to show how often we do something. 
          We buy ice-creams every Sunday.
          I watch TV every evening

Another adverbs of frequency: always, sometimes, often, seldom, usually, never.
          I sometimes cook dinner.
          You often read newspaper.

To make the present simple with the personal pronouns he, she, it we add an '-s' to the verb root. 
          He drinks coffee every morning. 
          She plays volleyball with her friends every Friday. 

With he, she and it and the verbs that end in '-e', we add '-s'.
          He likes French fries.
          She lives in London.

With he, she and it and the verbs that end in '-o', '-ch', '-sh', '-tch', '-x' and '-ss', we add '-es'. 
          He watches TV every evening.
          She goes to bed very early. 

With he, she and it and the verbs that end in a vowel and '-y', we add '-s'.
          She plays tennis after school. 
With he, she and it and the verbs that end in a consonant and '-y', the '-y' goes and we add the suffix '-ies'
          He studies English every day. 

To make the nagative with he, she and it, we put does and not before the main verb. The short form of this is doesn't. We do not put the suffix '-s' on the verb root in the negative. 
          He does not read magazines. 
          She doesn't play football.

To make a question, we begin with does, then we put the personal pronoun (he, she or it) and then the verb root with no suffix. 
          Does she read comics?
          Does he drink coffee?

In short answers we do not repeat the main verb. 
          No, she doesn't.
          Yes, he does

-->  The simple present tense is used if the action happens regulary, sometimes or never.
            We always wash our hand before meals.
            Joe sometimes lends me his bike.
            Dad jogs in the park every day.
-->  The simple present tense is also used to state facts.
            The sun rises every morning.
            Dogs love playing in water.
            Australia is an island.

-->  Use the simple present tense to tell the events of a story that is happening now.
            I arrive at school. I see another girl crying. I ask her why she is sad. She says me she hasn't got any friends to play with. I tell her that she can play with me.

-->  Use the simple present tense to talk about things that will happen in the future.
            My little sister starts school tomorrow.
            Next week I go on holiday to Japan.
            My family moves to a new house next month. 

verbs expressing states, possession, senses, emotions and mental activity - always in simple present tense 

  • states: be, remain
  • possession: belong, have, own, posses
  • senses: hear, see, smell, feel, taste
  • emotions/feeling: hate, love, like, seem, want, wish, dislike, care
  • mental activity: believe, mean, prefer, realize, think, understand, remember, forget, notice, recognize, imagine, appear 

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